Most people are not happy with the colour of their teeth. The one thing people want to change about their teeth to have a beautiful smile is to have brighter, whiter teeth. There can be all sorts of things that cause discolouration and staining on teeth. Fortunately, it is possible to get a bright, white smile you deserve.
Causes of Teeth Stains
There are two basic types of staining that affects the teeth: extrinsic and intrinsic. Extrinsic staining is where the outer enamel layer of the teeth are stained. Intrinsic is where the dentin layer underneath the enamel becomes discoloured.
Extrinsic staining can be caused from the foods we eat and beverage we drink, such as:
- Pasta Sauces
- Dark Coloured Soft Drinks
The outer layer of the teeth can also become stained and discoloured from using tobacco products, like cigars, cigarettes, or chewing tobacco.
Removing these stains is often not difficult with a visit to your local dental clinic for a detailed cleaning. For stubborn stains, teeth whitening cosmetic services at our dental office work the best and provide better results than over-the-counter at-home kits.
Intrinsic staining is causedby a variety of different reasons, from trauma to exposure to certain medications and aging. The dentin layer typically takes on a yellowish colour. As the enamel layer is worn away, the teeth start to look yellow.
Dealing with this type of staining first requires determining the cause so the appropriate treatments can be recommended. For instance, one possible treatment is a deep teeth whitening treatment that targets the dentin layer and helps lighten it.
Another possible cosmetic treatment, when deep whitening does not deliver the desired level of whiteness and brightness is veneers. Veneers are thin covers that are applied over the front of the teeth to hide the discolouration.
Another form of intrinsic staining is found in some people with amalgam fillings. The material in the filling can cause the teeth to appear darker. This type of staining and discolouration tends to become more noticeable the older the filling is. Fixing this type of staining is easy by having the old amalgam filling replaced with a tooth coloured one.
Preventing Teeth Stains and Discolouration
To minimalize the potential effects of stains and discolouration of our teeth, you need to become more proactive in your daily oral care habits, which should include:
- Brush the teeth twice a day for at least two minutes.
- Flossing the teeth at least once a day.
- Drinking plenty of water after eating or drinking stain-causing foods and beverages.
- Discontinuing the use of tobacco products.
- Visiting a dentist at least twice a year for detailed teeth cleanings.
- Removing difficult stains with professional teeth whitening treatments.
To learn more about teeth whitening and other cosmetic treatments to address teeth stains and discolouration, please feel free to contact Oasis Family Dental at (807) 623-2662 today!